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State Pulau Pinang

About Pulau Pinang



 

INTRODUCTION

The Island of Penang comprises an area of 285 sq km (177 sq mi) off Peninsula Malaysia's north-western coast, is the oldest British settlement in Malaysia and one of the country's premier resort areas. What makes Penang Island really tick is the vibrant and intriguing city of Georgetown (population: 400,000) on the island's north-eastern coast. This city has more Chinese flavor than either Singapore or Hong Kong, and in its older neighborhoods you could be forgiven for thinking that the clock stopped at least 50 years ago. From its establishment as the first British trading post in the Far East in 1786, Penang is today a bustling city with a unique blend of the East and the West.

This is reflected in its heritage buildings as well as in the lifestyle, food and customs of the local people. Penang needs little introduction to many visitors to Malaysia, having long been known as one of Southeast Asia's finest destinations.

Penang's outstanding beaches and exotic sights have made it one of the most popular destinations in the region. Traditionally known as the Pearl Of The Orient, resorts of international standards have mushroomed along its beaches offering full facilities for rest and recreation. Take one tropical island, add a luxurious beach resort, augment that with a significant amount of history, toss in a liberal dose of superb local food, and the result would be none other than Penang. Lying at the crossroads of great civilizations, Penang, more than any other state in Malaysia, is the country's cultural melting pot. In the early years of its founding, the island attracted people of all races from seemingly all points of the compass.

Penang today, like most of its counterparts in the country, bears the mark of an early history of successive foreign influences. From the early Indian Civilization that took root in northern Malaya, to the Portuguese, Dutch, and later the British who came to this part of the world in search of spices and stayed on to participate in the lucrative trade. For food lovers, a trip to Penang is a must!



HISTORY

Go to Top!Originally a territory of the Sultan of Kedah, Penang was largely unoccupied until 1786. According to the annals of history, Francis Light of the British East India Company was very captivated by the island's immense beauty. Foreseeing its potential as an excellent trading port, he persuaded the then Sultan to concede the island to the British rule in exchange for protection against his Siamese enemies. The task of clearing the jungle was given to Light. Legend has it that Light filled cannons with gold and silver coins, blasted them into the surrounding jungles, and then sent workers out to clear the jungle. It got the job done! Thanks to Light's far-sight, the island soon became a busy entry port for tea and opium trading between India and China. Today's Penang combines the past and present. It is possible to stroll down its narrow lanes and enjoy viewing colonial buildings, as well as modern development of roads and high rises.
 

GENERAL ATTRACTIONS

Penang Hill
Malaysia’s first hill station, Penang Hill is 830 metres (2730ft) above sea level. Visitors can ascend to the top by either hiking up or by travelling in the funicular train which has been operational since 1922.Apart from the cool, refreshing climate and fantastic view at the summit, visitors can also view a Sautiful flower garden and bird park. There are picturesque bungalows and a hotel as well. Refreshments and snacks are sold at a convenient tea kiosk located on top of the hill.There is a good four-hour walking trail up the hill which is recommended only for the more energetic. The jungle trail begins at the Moongate on lalan Air Terjun, approximately 300 metres from the entrance of the Penang Botanical Gardens.



Botanical Garden
The Botanical Garden is an oasis of peace and tranquility with lush green surroundings and vibrant the colours of Penang’s tropical flora. The 30-hectare garden also features a waterfall. Created in 1884 by the British, it was meant as a tribute to Charles Curtis, its first superintendent who collected botanical specimens from the surrounding hills which have since become significant samples in the world’s major herbariums. The garden is also well known for their Rhesus monkeys.

 


Tropical Spice Garden
Situated in Teluk Bahang, the garden is set within a hidden enclave amidst streams and waterfalls. It has over 500 exotic varieties of plants depicting some examples from a microcosm of diverse ecosystems over some eight acres of land. Paths like Ginger Walk, Fern Walk, Bamboo Garden, Water Garden and Sugar Terrace enable visitors to get a feel of the plant life, birds and insects in a natural tropical environment.

 


Bukit Jambul Orchid & Hisbiscus Garden
A short drive away from the Penang Airport at Balik Pulau is the Bukit Jambul Orchid and Hibiscus Garden. A wide variety of colourful orchids and hibiscus plants can be seen here. There is also a Reptile House in the grounds.

 

 


Penang National Park
The park offers some excellent trails through the rainforest and attractions at the park include Teluk Duyung, a broad bay protected by the Cape of Muka Head and Pantai Kerachut. Pantai Kerachut is popular as a picnic and camping site. It is also a site where the green turtles come to nest from April to August while the Olive Ridley turtles come between September and February.

The area contains a meromictic lake about one square kilometre in size, where fresh water from the island’s stream meets sea water. During dry seasons and low tide, the lake is a mudflat and when the tide rises, sea water gradually fills the lake while fresh water remains on top of the denser sea water. Certain fish, birds and reptiles have adapted to living within this unusual environment.Visitors are required to register at the Wildlife Office in Teluk Bahang before entering the park which is reachable by a 30-minute boat ride or 90-minute trek from Teluk Bahang.

 

Penang Butterfly Farm
The farm spans 0.8 hectares and is home to 3000 living specimens from over 50 species of colourful butterflies, frogs, scorpions and other insects. It features a lily pond, rock garden, tunnel, bubbling mud pool and artificial waterfalls. Also within the farm are a garden enclosure, breeding area, laboratory, exhibition area, souvenir shop and information centre.




Penang Bird Park
The park spans 5 acres and houses some 800 birds from all over the world. It is beautifully landscaped and features a walk-in aviary, a pond with ducks and swans, ornamental ponds abounding with water lilies, Japanese Carps and ornamental plants.

 

 

 


Pulau Aman
Pulau Aman or ‘island of peace’ is about 2.5 nautical miles from mainland, just off the southern coast of Seberang Perai. The nearest town is Bukit Tambun from which a 30-minute boat ride gets one to the island. Boats from Batu Maung and Batu Uban also take passengers on a 45-ni mute journey to the island. The 288-acre island is an idyllic fishing village populated by some 300 people who mostly comprise elderly folk and children. Fishing, water sports and jungle trekking are some of the popular activities for holidaymakers. There are some chalets and homestays at affordable rates.



source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/



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